Rare Book Exhibit

The Life, Letters, and Labours of Frances Galton by Karl Pearson, Galton Professor, University of London
Cambridge at the University Press, 1924

Volume I: Birth 1822 to Marriage 1853

from the library of Herman J. Doepner

inside cover

copyright page

copyright page

Francis Galton

Francis Galton in 1903.
From a photograph by the Author of the unfinished picture by C. W. Furse at Claverdon.

title page

title page

copyright page

copyright page

contents page

contents page

Charles Darwin's letter

Charles Darwin's letter

Charles Darwin's letter

Charles Darwin's letter

Plate I
Letter of Charles Darwin to Francis Galton on the publication of the latter's Hereditary Genius, 1869.

F. Galton's reply

F. Galton's reply

Plate II
Reply of Francis Galton to Charles Darwin's letter of Dec. 23, 1869.

Erasmus Darwin

Plate III
Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802).
From a print after a picture by Rawlinson of Derby.

Plate IV
Erasmus Darwin (left) and his father Dr. Erasmus Darwin (right) at Chess.
From a silhouette at Claverdon in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton.

Elizabeth Darwin and Dr. Erasmus Darwin

Plate IV bis
Elizabeth Darwin (nee Collier).                            Dr. Erasmus Darwin.
Derby, 1800. From silhouettes mounted on opal glass in the possession of their great-granddaughter, Mrs. T. J. A. Studdy.

crossing wth the mechanical ferry

Plate V
From the Ms. Boyhood of Sir Francis S. Darwin. Mechanical Ferry designed by Dr. Erasmus Darwin for crossing from his house in Fell Street, Derby, to his orchard. Francis S. Darwin as a child in the boat. 1789.

Robert Darwin

Plate VI
Robert Darwin of Elston (1682-1754).
Great-grandfather of Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. From the portrait at Creskeld painted
Richardson about 1717.

William Alvey Darwin

Plate VI bis
William Alvey Darwin (1726-1783).
Brother of Erasmus Darwin. From a photograph in the possession of Mr. William E. Darwin of the picture at Creskeld.

Robert Waring Darwin

Plate VI ter
Robert Waring Darwin (1724-1816).
Brother of Dr. Erasmus Darwin.
Author of the Principia Botanica, or Introduction to the Sexual Botany of Linnaeus. Aged 51
From the picture at Creskeld painted by John Borridge, 1775.

Elizabeth Hill

Plate VII
Elizabeth Hill (1702-1797).
Wife of Robert Darwin of Elston, mother of Dr. Erasmus Darwin. From a photograph
of the portrait at Creskeld in the possession of Francis Darwin, Esq.

Robert Waring Darwin, F.R.S.

Plate VIII
Robert Waring Darwin, F.R.S. (1766-1848).
Father of Charles Darwin. From a mezzotint of the painting in the possession of Mr. William Erasmus Darwin.
(The mezzotint was engraved before the painting was cut down).

Susannah Wedgewood

Plate IX
Susannah Wedgewood (1765-1817).
Mrs. Robert Waring Darwin, mother of Charles Darwin. From a miniature in the possession of Mr. William Erasmus Darwin.

a stampede on the stairs

Plate X
From the Ms. Boyhood of Sir Francis S. Darwin, who being bitten by a dog produced a stampede by barking as a dog.
Mrs. Darwin (Elizabeth Collier), the surgeon, the two Miss Parkers, Violetta Darwin (afterwards Mrs. Galton) and
Emma Darwin are seen on the stairs, while Dr. Erasmus Darwin comes out of his study to ascertain what is wrong.

poem to Mrs. Pole

Plate XI
Poem to Mrs. Pole (Elizabeth Collier), afterwards Mrs. Erasmus Darwin. From a manuscript volume of poems by
Dr. Erasmus Darwin in the possession of Mrs. William Wavell. Words altered and erased by Sir Francis S. Darwin.

General Sir David Colyear

Plate XII
General Sir David Colyear, afterwards Lord Portmore (circa 1650-1730).
From the portrait by Van der Banck formerly at Arthingworth Hall.

Charles Colyear

Plate XIII
Charles Colyear, Second Earl Portmore (1700-1785).
From the picture by Reynolds formerly at Arthingworth Hall.

Catherine Sedley

Plate XIV
Catherine Sedley, Countess of Dorchester, afterwards Lady Portmore (1657-1717).
From the picture by Kneller formerly at Arthingworth Hall.

Sir Henry Savile

Plate XV
Sir Henry Savile, Scholar (1549-1622).
Maternal grandfather of Sir Charles Sedley and a direct ancestor of Francis Galton.
From a print of the portrait by Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger in the possession of the author.

Elizabeth Collier

Plate XVI
Elizabeth Collier (1747-1832).
Mrs. Pole, later Mrs. Erasmus Darwin, with her son Sacheverel Pole.
Painted in the year 1770. From a picture in pastel by Wright
of Derby in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton at Claverdon.

Elizabeth Collier

Plate XVII
Elizabeth Collier (Mrs. Pole, later Mrs. Erasmus Darwin) with her dog.
From a silhouette at Claverdon in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton.

Sir Francis Sacheverel Darwin

Sir Francis Sacheverel Darwin (1786-1859).
Uncle and godfather of Francis Galton. From a portrait by Haynes in the possession
of Sir Francis' granddaughter Mrs. William Wavell.

Francis Darwin and George Bilsborow shooting pigs with arrows

Plate XIX
From the Ms. Boyhood of Sir Francis S. Darwin. Francis Darwin and George Bilsborow while engaged in shooting pigs with arrows are disturbed by a mad dog, which communicates hydrophobia to the pigs and a horse. It is
eventually killed by the mob. 1796.

Frances Anne Violetta Darwin

Plate XX
Frances Anne Violetta Darwin.
Daughter of Erasmus Darwin and Elizabeth Collier (Pole, later Darwin) in the year of her marriage,
1807. From a miniature by Thompson in the possession of her granddaughter, Mrs. T. J. A. Studdy.

Mrs. Tertius Galton

Plate XX
Mrs. Tertius Galton (Frances Anne Violetta Darwin) (1783-1874).
Mother of Francis Galton, aged 75. From a portrait in the possession of the Galton Laboratory.

Mrs. Tertius Galton

Plate XX
Mrs. Tertius Galton.
From a photograph taken when she was 79 years of age.

Sir Ewen Cameron

Plate XXI
Sir Ewen Cameron of Lochiel (1629-1723).
Great-great-great-grandfather of Francis Galton. From a
print in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton.

Sir Charles Sedley

Plate XXI
Sir Charles Sedley, Poet (1639-1701).
Great-great-great-grandfather of Francis Galton. From a
print in the British Museum Print Room, which is
from an original picture formerly in the possession
of the Duchess of Dorset.

 

David Barclay

Plate XXII
David Barclay of Youngsbury (1728-1809).
Philanthropist and Slave-Emancipator. Uncle of Mrs. Samuel Galton (Lucy Barclay). Great-uncle
to Tertius Galton and to Mrs. Fry, and grandfather to Hudson Gurney. From a print in
the British Museum Print Room after the picture by Houghton.

Ury

Plate XXIII
Ury.
The home of the Barclays. The Friends' Meeting House is seen on the right. The Gothic window
with shutters on the first floor is that at which Lucy Barclay worked her sampler. Photograph
from a water-colour sketch.

Elston Hall

Plate XXIII
Elston Hall.
The original home of the Darwins, from a pen and ink sketch in Mrs. Wheler's Ms. "The Galton Family."

Captain Robert Barclay-Allardyce

Plate XXIV
Captain Robert Barclay-Allardyce (1779-1854).
From a picture formerly at Ury, showing him on his
1000 mile walk in 1000 hours.

Robert Barclay

Plate XXIV
Robert Barclay (1731-1797).
Father of Lucy Barclay (Mrs. Samuel Galton) and Captain Robert Barclay-
Allardyce. Great-grandfather of Francis Galton. From a print in the
possession of Mr. Wheler Galton after the picture by Raeburn.

Samuel Galton, the Younger

Plate XXV
Samuel Galton, the Younger (1753-1832).
From a portrait by Longastre at Claverdon in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton.

Lucy Barclay

Plate XXVI
Lucy Barclay (Mrs. Samuel Galton).
From a miniature taken about the time of her marriage (1777).

Mrs. Samuel Galton

Plate XXVI
Mrs. Samuel Galton (1757-1817).
From a silhouette taken at Bath in middle-life.

Mrs. Samuel Galton

Plate XXVI
Mrs. Samuel Galton.
From a portrait taken in later life in the
possession of Mrs. T. J. A. Studdy.

Lucy Barclay's sampler

Plate XXVII
Photographs of Lucy Barclay's sampler, proving her presence at Ury, when
seven years of age. According to the Ms. diary of Francis Galton this
sampler was worked at the gothic window with shutters on the first floor
(see Plate XXIII), and he gives a sketch of the recess inside the window
where his grandmother sat. A pane of glass broken by her during this
weary task was still pointed out in 1839.

Mrs. Samuel Galton

Plate XXVIII
Mrs. Samuel Galton (Lucy Barclay) (1757-1817).
From a pastel portrait by Langastre at Claverdon in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton.

title-page to the account of the Galton family

Plate XXIX
Title-page to Mrs. Wheler's (Elizabeth Anne Galton's) Ms. account of the Galton Family, showing sketches
of Claverdon House; Claverdon Church (where Francis Galton is buried); Loxton, the home of
Erasmus Galton; Dudson, the home of the Samuel Galtons; Whaley, the home of Hubert Galton,
and Hadzor, the home of Howard Galton.

Duddeston House

Plate XXX
Duddeston (or Dudson) House.
The home of the Samuel Galtons, Father and Son. From a sketch by Emma Sophia Galton
in the possession of Mrs. T. J. A. Studdy.

country home of Samuel Galton

Plate XXXI
Great Barr.
The country home of Samuel Galton, jun. (1785-1799). Favourite meeting place of the Lunar Society (see ftn. p. 48).
From a photograph of a water-colour drawing in Mrs. Wheler's Ms. "The Galton Family."

Galton-Farmer house

Plate XXXII
The Galton-Farmer house, later the Galton Bank, in
Steelhouse Lane, Birmingham, now a shop.

Friends' Meeting House

Plate XXXII
Friends' Meeting House in Bull Street, Birmingham, where the two
Samuel Galtons with their wives attended and were ultimately buried.

Samuel Tertius Galton

Plate XXXIII
Samuel Tertius Galton (1783-1844).
Father of Francis Galton, and husband of Violetta Darwin.
From a painting by Oakley in 1836.

Tertius Galton with his children

Plate XXXIV
Tertius Galton, with his children Adele, Erasmus, Emma and Bessie. 1837. From a silhouette
in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton at Claverdon.

Theodore Galton

Plate XXXV
Theodore Galton (1784-1810).
Uncle of Francis Galton.

Adele Galton

Plate XXXV
Adele Galton (1784-1869).
Mrs. T. K. Booth, Aunt of Francis Galton.

Sophia Galton

Plate XXXV
Sophia Galton (1782-1863).
Mrs. Charles Brewin, Aunt of Francis Galton.

Mary Anne Galton

Plate XXXV
Mary Anne Galton (1778-1856).
Mrs. Schimmelpenninck, Aunt of Francis Galton.

Theodore Galton

Plate XXXVI
Theodore Galton (1784-1810).
Uncle to Francis Galton. From a miniature.

Adele Galton

Plate XXXVI
Adele Galton (1784-1869).
Mrs. J. K. Booth. Francis Galton's "Aunt Booth."

Charles Darwin

Plate XXXVII
Charles Darwin, aged 51.
From a photograph by Maull and Fox, touched up by Mrs. Darwin
and now in the possession of Mr. William E. Darwin.

Francis Galton

Plate XXXVII
Francis Galton, aged about 50.
From a photograph in the Galton Laboratory.

These two photographs in much the same attitude indicate the degree
of resemblance between the two grandchildren of Erasmus Darwin.

the King of the Ovampo crowned

Plate XXXVIII
Engraving from the First Edition of Francis Galton's Tropical South Africa.
The King of the Ovampo crowned by the explorer. In illustration of
Francis Galton's sense of humour.

silhouette of Francis Galton

Plate XXXIX
Silhouette of Francis Galton in his eighth year, taken from the manuscript life-history
of her son by Violetta Galton, 1830.

sample page

Plate XL
Sample page of Violetta Galton's Life History of Francis Galton, written by his mother
on her son's departure for school at Boulogne, 1830.

Charles Darwin

Plate XLI
Charles Darwin (1809-1882).
In early manhood. From a print in Mrs. Wheler's MS. "The Galton Family."

Plate XLI
Charles Darwin (1809-1882).
In later life. From a photograph by his son Major Leonard Darwin.

Erasmus Galton

Plate XLII
Erasmus Galton (1815-1909).
In his uniform as a "middy," aged 13. Elder brother of Francis Galton. See Galton's
Memories, p. 16. Silhouette in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton at Claverdon.

Breadsall Priory

Plate XLIII
Breadsall Priory ("Happiness Hall").
The later home of Erasmus Darwin and afterwards of his widow (Elizabeth Collier, Mrs. Pole). This is the house where the joyous
visits of the young Galtons to their grandmother were made. From a pen and ink sketch of the garden front.

Breadsall Church

Plate XLIV
Breadsall Church.
From a sketch. This Church contains the tombs of Erasmus Darwin and his widow (Elizabeth Collier)
with those of other members of the Darwin family.

Breadsall Priory

Plate XLIV
Breadsall Priory.
Purchased by Erasmus Darwin the Younger, afterwards occupied by Erasmus Darwin the Elder, and later
by his widow. From a water-colour sketch at Claverdon.

plan of the Larches

Plate XLV
Plan of the Larches, the birthplace and home of Francis Galton's boyhood, with two
inset aspects of the house. From a plan by Violetta Galton (nee Darwin). We see
the road to Mrs. French's school and the meadows where Charles Darwin rode and
shot with the Galton boys.

Erasmus Darwin

Plate XLVI
Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802).
Grandfather of Charles Darwin and Francis Galton. From a painting by Wright of Derby.

Darwin Galton

Plate XLVI
Darwin Galton (1814-1903).
Eldest brother of Francis Galton as sportsman.
From a picture by Oakley at Claverdon.
See p. 75.

Hudson and Margaret Gurney

Plate XLVII
Hudson Gurney and Margaret Gurney (Margaret Barclay), sister of Captain Barclay.

Mrs. Fry

Plate XLVII
Mrs. Fry (Elizabeth Gurney).
Hudson, Elizabeth and Margaret Gurney were all great-grandchildren of David Barclay of Cheapside,
and second cousins to each other and to Tertius Galton, another great-grandchild.

Francis Galton

Plate XLVIII
Francis Galton.
From a portrait by Oakley of 1840. (Galton Laboratory, University of London.)

sketch of the Bishop's Gateway

Plate XLIX
Sketch by Francis Galton of the Bishop's Gateway at Liege. Visited 1838.

Emma Sophia Galton

Plate L
Emma Sophia Galton (1811-1904), "Pemmy."
From a silhouette of 1827, at Claverdon.

Elizabeth Anne Galton

Plate L
Elizabeth Anne Galton (1808-1906).
Mrs. Edward Wheler, "Sister Bessie." From a painting in 1891 by Powles at Claverdon.

Elizabeth Anne Galton

Plate L bis
Elizabeth Anne Galton (1808-1906), "Sister Bessy."
From a painting by Easton of 1844 in the possession of Mrs. T. J. A. Studdy.

the fire-place

Plate LI
The fire-place with the foils, Smyrna pistols, and native lance.

the living-room

Plate LI
The living-room before the removal of the sofa to the fire-place.
Galton's Rooms in Trinity College.
Sketches from Galton's Cambridge Letters.

Ely Cathedral

Plate LII
Pen and ink sketch of Ely Cathedral from a letter
of Francis Galton to his Father. 1842.

King's College Chapel

Plate LII
Pen and ink sketch of King's College Chapel from the field by the Mill, 1843.
Sketches from Galton's Cambridge Letters.

Emma Galton and Julia Hallam

Plate LIII
Emma Galton and Julia Hallam.

Sister Emma

Plate LIII
"Sister Emma."

letter of Francis Galton

Plate LIV
Letter of Francis Galton to Tertius Galton announcing his graduation.

last meeting of the Caseo-Tostic Club

Plate LIV
The last meeting of the Caseo-Tostic Club, 1843. Present: Stewart, Clark, Dalyell and Galton.
Last Days in Cambridge. Sketches found in letters.

visiting card

Page 195
Visiting Card of Dr. Erasmus Darwin.

Francis Galton

Francis Galton

Plate LV
Francis Galton.
From two early photographs in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton.

Emma Sophia Galton

Plate LV bis
Emma Sophia Galton (1811-1904).
"Sister Pemmy."

Millicent Adele Galton

Millicent Adele Galton (1810-1883).
"Sister Delly."

From early photographs (before 1860) on glass in the possession of their niece, Mrs. T. J. A. Studdy.

water-colour sketch

Plate LVI
Sketches From Galton's African Diaries.
Photograph of a rough water-colour sketch of gun set as a trap for a lion; the beast in
pulling off the lump of meat at the muzzle discharges the gun.

Galton's diary-sketchbook

Plate LVI
Sketches From Galton's African Diaries.
Sample page of one of Galton's diary-sketchbooks, illustrating his pencil snapshots.

Karupi

Plate LVII
Sketches From Galton's African Diaries.
Karupi, an Ovampo.

Plate LVII
Sketches From Galton's African Diaries.
In 1907-8 a metallurgist travelling in Ovampoland saw Galton's name distinctly traced in light paint on
the cliff a few feet above the water surface of this small lake (Omutchikota) at a point which could only
be reached by swimming. (Letter from Professor H. H. W. Pearson, South African College, 1912.)

Tchapupa and his wife

Plate LVII
Sketches From Galton's African Diaries.
Tchapupa's wife and Tchapupa, natives of Damaraland.

Captain of the Hottentots

Plate LVIII
Sketches From Galton's African Diaries.
The Captain of the Hottentots walks off with the laws
drawn up for him by Francis Galton.

facsimile of original promise

Plate LVIII
Sketches from Galton's African Diaries.
Facsimile of the original promise of Jonker Afrikaner to keep the peace in Damaraland. The promise
is in Dutch and signed by the Chief, witnesses Francis Galton and Timotheus Sneewe.

Nangoro

Plate LIX
Sketches From Galton's African Diaries.
Nangoro, King of the Ovampo, original sketch, June 7, 1851, of his Majesty
crowned with the theatrical tinsel crown purchased in Drury Lane.
Cf. Plate XXXVIII.

Galton's favourite hack

Plate LIX
Sketches From Galton's African Diaries.
Galton's favourite hack in Damaraland.

Francis Galton and his wife

Plate LX
Francis Galton and his wife (Louisa Jane Butler).
In early married life. From a photograph in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton at Claverdon.

Louisa Jane Butler

Plate LXI

Francis Galton

Plate LXI
Francis Galton and His Wife (Louisa Jane Butler). In middle life.

William Alvey Darwin

Plate LXII
William Alvey Darwin (1726-1783), as a young man.
Brother of Erasmus Darwin.
The originals of these pictures are at Newnham Grange, Cambridge.

Robert Darwin

Plate LXII
Robert Darwin of Elston (1682-1754).
Father of Dr. Erasmus Darwin.
As to their ascriptions, see Appendix, Note I. Portraits of the Darwin Family.

Thomas Foley

Plate LXIII
Thomas Foley (1617-1677).
Founder of Old Swinford Hospital, from the engraving in Nash's History of Worcestershire after the
painting of 1670 by William Trabute in the Hospital. A direct ascendant of Charles Darwin.

Edward, Emma, and Violetta Darwin

page 246
Edward, Emma and Violetta Darwin (mother of Francis Galton, on the right),
children of Erasmus and Elizabeth Darwin, Derby, 1800. From a picture
in the possession of Mr. Wheler Galton at Claverdon.

Heydon Hall

Plate LXIV
Heydon Hall.
The home of the Earles, now of the Bulwers, their descendants through the female line (see p. 17).
From an old engraving by W. Ellis of a drawing by F. Repton.

Erasmus Earle

Plate LXV
Erasmus Earle (1590-1667).
Great-great-grandfather of Erasmus Darwin. From the portrait by Zoest at
Heydon Hall in the possession of W. D. Bulwer, Esq.

Thomas Earle

Plate LXVI
Thomas Earle (1624-1689).
Son of Erasmus Earle and Great-great-uncle of Erasmus Darwin. From the portrait
by Zoest at Heydon Hall in the possession of W. D. Bulwer, Esq.