The Life, Letters, and Labours of Frances Galton by Karl Pearson, Galton Professor, University of London
Cambridge at the University Press, 1924
Volume II: Researches of Middle Life
Francis Galton, aged 73.
Francis Galton in later life. From a sketch by his niece,
Miss Eva Biggs (Mrs. Ellis).
a quote from Francis Galton
Francis Galton, aged 28, at the end of the "Fallow
Years" and before starting for Damaraland.
Francis Galton, from a photograph taken after his return from Damaraland, circa 1855.
Galton's sketches of the Corona.
The trusty Gifi, Galton's Swiss Servant. ("Mr. Galton
is at home, Sir, and has been expecting you.")
42, Rutland Gate, S. W. Galton's home from
1857 to 1911. (House with white door.)
Galton's idea on the trajectories of modern bullets.
Fig. A. From Galton's original drawings for his heliostat. Diagrammatic figure indicating how the mock-sun
is formed and seen covering a portion of the field of view at V. The small screen K only intercepts a small
portion of the field of view. Cf. Fig. 1, p. 20.
Fig. B. From Galton's original drawings for his heliostat. Field of view of the
telescope with the mock-sun covering the point of a promontory to which
the instrument would flash light.
Fig. 1 explains the working; M is the mirror with the sun's rays falling on it and reflected in direction D, F is
the screen at the focus of the lens, which is seen by the eye as superposed on the object at D.
Fig. 2 is a simple pocket form;
Fig. 3 a more elaborate form, which has a theodolite telescope A, and a plain tube B as a finder.
Fig. 4 shows the section of Fig. 3 at C with a holder which can be screwed on to a camera tripod.
Table for Rough Triangulation
map of Australia
Proc. R. Geographical Society, Vol II, pp. 60-77. Galton was much interested in the difficulties of exploring the arid centre of Australia. Among his papers I found a little map of Australia indicating by different shading the settled and squatting districts, and with the desert routes of the Gregories, Stuart and of Burke's cross-continental fatal journey. It was marked in pencil "From my article in the --." This article, unsigned and not recorded in Galton's list of published papers, was ultimately run to ground in the Cornhill for 1862, pp. 354-64.
Ortler Spitze and Stelvio Pass.
Island of St. Paul.
Stereoscopic views of Geographical Models (should be examined with a stereoscopic lens-doublet.)
One of Galton's earliest synchronous weather maps, issued with his circular concerning
European weather in 1861: see our p. 38.
One of Galton's earliest synchronous weather maps, probably for Sept. 3, 1861, showing the use of
his circular stamps to indicate direction of wind and nature of barometric change.
Specimens of Galton's circular stamps for attaching to maps and
so forming synchronous weather charts. See footnote 3, p. 36.
Afternoon and evening on each day during December 1861.
A series of weather maps from the Meteorographica.
Galton's early idea of Anticyclone and Cyclone
Francis Galton, aged 38, from a photograph of 1860.
A reproduction from a little series of maps in the Galtoniana of the Galton Laboratory.
The dotted lines indicate the gradations of barometrical pressure, the figures
at the end showing the height, with the words "Rising," "Falling," &c.,
as required. The temperature at the principal stations is marked by
figures, the state of the sea and sky by words. The direction and force
of the wind are shown by arrows, barbed and feathered according to its
Galton's Weather Map, The Times, April 1, 1875.
One of Galton's original designs for double pantagraph, coloured in the actual drawing.
Galton's double or drill pantagraph.
Galton's Trace Computer-a machine for tracing a curve, whose ordinate is any arbitrary function
of two other variate values at the same abscissa or time.
"The link consists of a Hooke's joint at the side of W, which allows W to roll and to yaw, -it
will be obvious that the same movement which permits rolling obviously includes heaving.
axle passing across V allows the relative pitching and tossing of the two vessels. This axle is
connected by a Hooke's joint which allows exactly the same movements of rolling (inclusive of
heaving) and yawing to V that the first-mentioned joint did to W. And lastly the two Hooke's
joints are connected by a sliding arrangement, which permits the vessels to approach or separate
from one another within the range of the slide."
Part of the drawings for Galton's "wave machine."
8 Hourly Isodic Curves in Square 3, January
The direction and amount of the Current is shewn, and its effect is included in the isod.
Specimen of Galton's Isodic Curves from Minutes of Meteorological Council, 1872.
Francis Galton, aged 42 from photographs of 1864.
Co-editor with Herbert Spencer and Norman Lockyer of The Reader.
Mrs. Francis Galton, from a portrait in the Galton Laboratory.
Francis Galton, aged 60.
From the painting made in 1882 by Professor Graef, now in the possession of Mr. Cameron Galton.
It was during the painting of this picture that Galton counted the strokes of the artist's brush.
Letter of Francis Galton to Charles Darwin's son Francis, indicating
the religious views of both Galton and Darwin.
Francis Galton when about fifty years of age.
Down (Beckenham, Kent), the home of Charles Darwin from 1842 to his death in 1882.
From a photograph by Dr. David Heron.
White Form and Black Form.
Dr. Erasmus Darwin,
"Physician, Philosopher and Poet."
Sir Francis Darwin,
"Physician, Traveller and Naturalist."
To illustrate the influence of the Collyer blood in modifying the Darwin strain. From miniatures
in the possession of Mr. Darwin Wilmot.
Sir Francis Sacheverell Darwin, "Physician, Traveller and Naturalist," son of Elizabeth Collier (Mrs. Chandos-Pole)
and godfather of Francis Galton. From a drawing in the possession of Mr. Darwin Wilmot.
Miss Emma Galton, from a photograph taken in the 'fifties.
Francis Galton's Letter to Darwin on the publication in 1859 of The Origin of Species.
The first study at Down, the room in which The Origin of Species was written. Photographed in his
Father's lifetime by Major Leonard Darwin.
Monumental Tablet to Erasmus Darwin (executed by Onslow Ford) and erected by
his grandson Francis Galton in Lichfield Cathedral, 1886.
Galton, the Psychologist.
Francis Galton in holdiay garb; taken at Vichy, August,
1878, when aged 56 years. The Galtons were at Vichy
again in 1880: see our p. 196.
Miss Millicent Adele Galton (Mrs. Bunbury). Died in 1883.
From a photograph taken in the 'sixties.
Examples of Number Forms.
Examples of an Hereditary Tendency to see Number-Forms.
4 Instances where the Number Forms in same family are alike.
Francis Galton in the 'seventies, from a photograph.
Galton, aged about 75 years.
Francis Galton in the 'sixties, from a photograph.
One of Galton's instruments in the Galton Laboratory of a piece of apparatus for compounding six objects.
Composites, made from Portraits of Criminals convicted of Murder, Manslaughter or Crimes of Violence.
Comparison of Criminal and Normal Populations.
Composites of Thoroughbreds.
Composites of the Members of a Family.
Portraits of three Sisters, full face and profile, with the corresponding Composites.
Omnibus Plate of Composites.
Diagram Showing the Essential Parts of a Camera.
Composites of Phthisical and Non-phthisical Hospital Populations.
The Jewish Type.
Indian Portraits of Alexander the Great with Composite in centre.
a to f, Portraits of Alexander the Great on coins of Lysimachus, King of Thrace.
X = Composite of Indian Alexander (see Plate XXXVI).
Z = Composite of a to f.
Y = Co-composite of Indian and Greek Portraits.
Six Portraits of Antiochus I, King of Syria, arranged in order of date with Composite in centre.
Six Portraits of Demetrius Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, a to f, giving typical Greek Head.
Five Portraits of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, a to e, with Composite x.
12 Portraits of Nero, Emperor of Rome.
Portraits of Greek Queens with their Composite.
Roman Ladies with Composite.
Six Portraits of Napoleon I with Composites and Co-composite.
Print of First Negative. Diagram iii.
Print of Second Negative. Reduction of Circle to Ellipse.
Galton illustrates his method on sight differences.
Galton's photographic silhouettes of himself, aged 65.
A, B, C, D
Galton's photograph of a spinning wheel of tints.
Oil paintings of a portrait in various tones.
Figures 3, 4, 5
The dots represent the position of standard points.
Elizabeth Anne Galton (1808-1906), Mrs. Wheler, February 21, 1904, aged 96.
From the last photograph taken.
Francis Galton, aged 83, from a photograph taken by W.F.R. Weldon in July, 1905.
"I enclose the best I can do with one of the negatives you were kind enough to let me
make. Please forgive my caricaturing you in this way. You know enough about the lower
forms of man to know that respect and affection show themselves in strange ways-look
upon this as one of them, and pardon it." W.F.R.W.
Francis Galton in the late 'sixties.
Francis Galton's "Standard Photograph" of himself to illustrate the profile and full-face portraits which
are desirable in the case of Family Records and Life-History Albums and are suitable for composite photography.
Anthropometric Laboratory: For the measurement in various ways of Human Form and Faculty.
Francis Galton's First Anthropometric Laboratory at the International Health Exhibition, South Kensington, 1884-5.
Francis Galton's Second Anthropometric Laboratory, South Kensington Museum, 1891-95.
Francis Galton, aged 71, photographed as a criminal on his visit to Bertillon's
Criminal Identification Laboratory in Paris, 1893.
Diagram of Absolute Values at each Rank.
Isograms of Stature and Vital Capacity.
Galton's first illustration of Correlation, circa 1875. From the Galtoniana.
Diagram, from the tabular valves.
The continuous line is the normal curve with p.e.=37.
The broken line is drawn from the observations.
The lines connecting them show the differences between the observed and the normal.
Isogens or Lines of Equal Fertility.
Francis Galton at Haslemere in 1907.
"When the desired fullness of information shall have been acquired, then and not till then, will be the fit moment to proclaim
a 'Jehad,' or Holy War, against customs and prejudices that impair the physical and moral qualities of our race."
Sir Francis Galton
From a sketch by his niece, Mrs. Ellis