Rare Book Exhibit

The Life, Letters, and Labours of Frances Galton by Karl Pearson, Galton Professor, University of London
Cambridge at the University Press, 1924

Volume II: Researches of Middle Life

from the library of Herman J. Doepner

inside cover

copyright page

copyright page

Francis Galton

Francis Galton, aged 73.

title page

title page

Francis Galton sketched

Francis Galton in later life. From a sketch by his niece,
Miss Eva Biggs (Mrs. Ellis).

contents page

contents page

contents page

contents page

Francis Galton

Page xi
Francis Galton

F. Galton's quote

a quote from Francis Galton

Francis Galton

Plate I
Francis Galton, aged 28, at the end of the "Fallow
Years" and before starting for Damaraland.

Francis Galton

Plate II
Francis Galton, from a photograph taken after his return from Damaraland, circa 1855.

the Corona

Page 9
Galton's sketches of the Corona.
Fig. 1
Fig. 2

Figures 3 and 4

Page 10
Fig. 3
Fig. 4


Plate III
The trusty Gifi, Galton's Swiss Servant. ("Mr. Galton
is at home, Sir, and has been expecting you.")

Galton's home

Plate III
42, Rutland Gate, S. W. Galton's home from
1857 to 1911. (House with white door.)

trajectories of modern bullets

Page 18
Galton's idea on the trajectories of modern bullets.
Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

Galton's heliostat

Page 19
Fig. A. From Galton's original drawings for his heliostat. Diagrammatic figure indicating how the mock-sun
is formed and seen covering a portion of the field of view at V. The small screen K only intercepts a small
portion of the field of view. Cf. Fig. 1, p. 20.

the heliostat's field of view

Page 19
Fig. B. From Galton's original drawings for his heliostat. Field of view of the
telescope with the mock-sun covering the point of a promontory to which
the instrument would flash light.

Galton's hand-heliostat

Page 20
Galton's hand-heliostat.
Fig. 1 explains the working; M is the mirror with the sun's rays falling on it and reflected in direction D, F is
the screen at the focus of the lens, which is seen by the eye as superposed on the object at D.
Fig. 2 is a simple pocket form;
Fig. 3 a more elaborate form, which has a theodolite telescope A, and a plain tube B as a finder.
Fig. 4 shows the section of Fig. 3 at C with a holder which can be screwed on to a camera tripod.

Table for Rough Triangulation

Page 23
Table for Rough Triangulation

map of Australia

Page 24
map of Australia
Proc. R. Geographical Society, Vol II, pp. 60-77. Galton was much interested in the difficulties of exploring the arid centre of Australia. Among his papers I found a little map of Australia indicating by different shading the settled and squatting districts, and with the desert routes of the Gregories, Stuart and of Burke's cross-continental fatal journey. It was marked in pencil "From my article in the --." This article, unsigned and not recorded in Galton's list of published papers, was ultimately run to ground in the Cornhill for 1862, pp. 354-64.

Ortler Spitze and Stelvio Pass

Plate IV
Ortler Spitze and Stelvio Pass.

stereoscopic views of geographical models

Plate IV
Island of St. Paul.
Stereoscopic views of Geographical Models (should be examined with a stereoscopic lens-doublet.)

Galton's weather map

Plate V
One of Galton's earliest synchronous weather maps, issued with his circular concerning
European weather in 1861: see our p. 38.

Galton's synchronous weather maps

Plate VI
One of Galton's earliest synchronous weather maps, probably for Sept. 3, 1861, showing the use of
his circular stamps to indicate direction of wind and nature of barometric change.

Galton's circular stamps

Page 37
Specimens of Galton's circular stamps for attaching to maps and
so forming synchronous weather charts. See footnote 3, p. 36.

weather maps

Plate VII
Afternoon and evening on each day during December 1861.
A series of weather maps from the Meteorographica.

Galton's idea of anticyclone and cyclone

Page 40
Galton's early idea of Anticyclone and Cyclone

Francis Galton

Plate VIII
Francis Galton, aged 38, from a photograph of 1860.

diagram of a series of maps

Page 42
A reproduction from a little series of maps in the Galtoniana of the Galton Laboratory.

Galton's weather map

Page 43
The dotted lines indicate the gradations of barometrical pressure, the figures
at the end showing the height, with the words "Rising," "Falling," &c.,
as required. The temperature at the principal stations is marked by
figures, the state of the sea and sky by words. The direction and force
of the wind are shown by arrows, barbed and feathered according to its
Galton's Weather Map, The Times, April 1, 1875.

Galton's pantagraph

Page 45
One of Galton's original designs for double pantagraph, coloured in the actual drawing.

Galton's drill pantagraph

Page 46
Galton's double or drill pantagraph.

Galton's Trace Computer

Page 48
Galton's Trace Computer-a machine for tracing a curve, whose ordinate is any arbitrary function
of two other variate values at the same abscissa or time.

link of two vessels

Page 51
"The link consists of a Hooke's joint at the side of W, which allows W to roll and to yaw, -it
will be obvious that the same movement which permits rolling obviously includes heaving.
axle passing across V allows the relative pitching and tossing of the two vessels. This axle is
connected by a Hooke's joint which allows exactly the same movements of rolling (inclusive of
heaving) and yawing to V that the first-mentioned joint did to W. And lastly the two Hooke's
joints are connected by a sliding arrangement, which permits the vessels to approach or separate
from one another within the range of the slide."


Page 52
Part of the drawings for Galton's "wave machine."

8 Hourly Isodic Curves

Page 57
8 Hourly Isodic Curves in Square 3, January
The direction and amount of the Current is shewn, and its effect is included in the isod.
Specimen of Galton's Isodic Curves from Minutes of Meteorological Council, 1872.

Francis Galton

Plate IX
Francis Galton, aged 42 from photographs of 1864.
Co-editor with Herbert Spencer and Norman Lockyer of The Reader.

Mrs. Francis Galton

Plate X
Mrs. Francis Galton, from a portrait in the Galton Laboratory.

Francis Galton

Plate XI
Francis Galton, aged 60.
From the painting made in 1882 by Professor Graef, now in the possession of Mr. Cameron Galton.
It was during the painting of this picture that Galton counted the strokes of the artist's brush.

letter of Francis Galton

letter of Francis Galton

letter of Francis Galton

Plate XII
Letter of Francis Galton to Charles Darwin's son Francis, indicating
the religious views of both Galton and Darwin.

Francis Galton

Plate XIII
Francis Galton when about fifty years of age.


Plate XIV
Down (Beckenham, Kent), the home of Charles Darwin from 1842 to his death in 1882.
From a photograph by Dr. David Heron.

white and black forms of cells

Page 189
White Form and Black Form.

Dr. Erasmus Darwin

Plate XV
Dr. Erasmus Darwin,
"Physician, Philosopher and Poet."

Sir Francis Darwin

Plate XV
Sir Francis Darwin,
"Physician, Traveller and Naturalist."

To illustrate the influence of the Collyer blood in modifying the Darwin strain. From miniatures
in the possession of Mr. Darwin Wilmot.

Sir Francis Sacheverell Darwin

Plate XVI
Sir Francis Sacheverell Darwin, "Physician, Traveller and Naturalist," son of Elizabeth Collier (Mrs. Chandos-Pole)
and godfather of Francis Galton. From a drawing in the possession of Mr. Darwin Wilmot.

Miss Emma Galton

Plate XVII
Miss Emma Galton, from a photograph taken in the 'fifties.

letter to Darwin

letter to Darwin

Francis Galton's Letter to Darwin on the publication in 1859 of The Origin of Species.

first study at Down

Plate XIX
The first study at Down, the room in which The Origin of Species was written. Photographed in his
Father's lifetime by Major Leonard Darwin.

Monumental Tablet

Plate XX

Monumental Tablet

Plate XX

Monumental Tablet to Erasmus Darwin (executed by Onslow Ford) and erected by
his grandson Francis Galton in Lichfield Cathedral, 1886.

Galton, the Psychologist

Plate XXI

Galton, the Psychologist

Plate XXI

Galton, the Psychologist.

Francis Galton

Plate XXII
Francis Galton in holdiay garb; taken at Vichy, August,
1878, when aged 56 years. The Galtons were at Vichy
again in 1880: see our p. 196.

Miss Millicent Adele Galton

Miss Millicent Adele Galton (Mrs. Bunbury). Died in 1883.
From a photograph taken in the 'sixties.

number forms

Chettenham College.
Charterhouse College.
Various Persons.

number forms

Plate XXIV
Examples of Number Forms.

Hereditary Tendency

Plate XXIV
Examples of an Hereditary Tendency to see Number-Forms.
4 Instances where the Number Forms in same family are alike.

Francis Galton

Plate XXV
Francis Galton in the 'seventies, from a photograph.


Plate XXVI
Galton, aged about 75 years.

Francis Galton

Francis Galton in the 'sixties, from a photograph.

Galton's instrument

Page 285
Diagram i.
One of Galton's instruments in the Galton Laboratory of a piece of apparatus for compounding six objects.

composites, made from portraits of criminals

Composites, made from Portraits of Criminals convicted of Murder, Manslaughter or Crimes of Violence.

comparison of criminal and normal populations

Plate XXIX
Comparison of Criminal and Normal Populations.

composites of thoroughbreds

Plate XXX
Composites of Thoroughbreds.

composites of members of a family

Plate XXXI
Composites of the Members of a Family.

portraits of three sisters

Portraits of three Sisters, full face and profile, with the corresponding Composites.

Omnibus Plate of Composites

Omnibus Plate of Composites.

parts of a camera

Page 289
Diagram ii.
Diagram Showing the Essential Parts of a Camera.

composites of phthisical and non-phthisical populations

Composites of Phthisical and Non-phthisical Hospital Populations.

Jewish type

Plate XXXV
The Jewish Type.
Full Face.

Alexander the Great

Indian Portraits of Alexander the Great with Composite in centre.

portraits of Alexander the Great

a to f, Portraits of Alexander the Great on coins of Lysimachus, King of Thrace.
X = Composite of Indian Alexander (see Plate XXXVI).
Z = Composite of a to f.
Y = Co-composite of Indian and Greek Portraits.

6 portraits of Antiochus I

Six Portraits of Antiochus I, King of Syria, arranged in order of date with Composite in centre.

6 portraits of Demetrius Poliorcetes

Six Portraits of Demetrius Poliorcetes, King of Macedonia, a to f, giving typical Greek Head.

5 portraits of Cleopatra

Plate XL
Five Portraits of Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt, a to e, with Composite x.

12 portraits of Nero

Plate XLI
12 Portraits of Nero, Emperor of Rome.
With Composite.

portraits of Greek Queens

Plate XLII
Portraits of Greek Queens with their Composite.

Roman Ladies with Composite

Roman Ladies with Composite.

6 portraits of Napoleon I

Plate XLIV
Six Portraits of Napoleon I with Composites and Co-composite.

three stages of Galton's process

Page 300
Print of First Negative. Diagram iii.
Print of Second Negative. Reduction of Circle to Ellipse.

Galton's method on sight differences

Page 304
Diagram iv.
Galton illustrates his method on sight differences.
Fig. a.
Fig. b.
Fig. c.

Galton's silhouettes

Page 310
Galton's photographic silhouettes of himself, aged 65.

Page 312
A, B, C, D

Galton's spinning wheel of tints

Page 313
Diagram v.
Galton's photograph of a spinning wheel of tints.

portrait in various tones

Plate XLV
Analytical Photography.
Oil paintings of a portrait in various tones.

diagram vi.

Page 315
Diagram vi.

diagram vii.

Page 319
Diagram vii.
Figures 3, 4, 5

diagram viii.

Page 325
Diagram viii.

standard points

Page 327
Diagram ix.
The dots represent the position of standard points.

Elizabeth Anne Galton

Plate XLVI
Elizabeth Anne Galton (1808-1906), Mrs. Wheler, February 21, 1904, aged 96.
From the last photograph taken.

Francis Galton

Francis Galton, aged 83, from a photograph taken by W.F.R. Weldon in July, 1905.
"I enclose the best I can do with one of the negatives you were kind enough to let me
make. Please forgive my caricaturing you in this way. You know enough about the lower
forms of man to know that respect and affection show themselves in strange ways-look
upon this as one of them, and pardon it." W.F.R.W.

Francis Galton

Francis Galton in the late 'sixties.

Francis Galton's

Plate XLIX
Francis Galton's "Standard Photograph" of himself to illustrate the profile and full-face portraits which
are desirable in the case of Family Records and Life-History Albums and are suitable for composite photography.

anthropometric laboratory

Page 358
Anthropometric Laboratory: For the measurement in various ways of Human Form and Faculty.

Galton's First Anthropometric Laboratory

Plate L
Francis Galton's First Anthropometric Laboratory at the International Health Exhibition, South Kensington, 1884-5.

Galton's Second Anthropometric Laboratory

Plate LI
Francis Galton's Second Anthropometric Laboratory, South Kensington Museum, 1891-95.

Francis Galton

Plate LII
Francis Galton, aged 71, photographed as a criminal on his visit to Bertillon's
Criminal Identification Laboratory in Paris, 1893.

diagram of absolute values

Page 390
Diagram of Absolute Values at each Rank.


Page 391
Isograms of Stature and Vital Capacity.


Page 392
Galton's first illustration of Correlation, circa 1875. From the Galtoniana.

tabular valves

Page 404
Diagram, from the tabular valves.
The continuous line is the normal curve with p.e.=37.
The broken line is drawn from the observations.
The lines connecting them show the differences between the observed and the normal.

Lines of Equal Fertility

Page 409
Isogens or Lines of Equal Fertility.

Galton at Haslemere

Plate LIII
Francis Galton at Haslemere in 1907.
"When the desired fullness of information shall have been acquired, then and not till then, will be the fit moment to proclaim
a 'Jehad,' or Holy War, against customs and prejudices that impair the physical and moral qualities of our race."

Sir Francis Galton

Plate LIV
Sir Francis Galton
From a sketch by his niece, Mrs. Ellis